My official research area is the philosophy of mind, but I am interested in virtually all the perennial problems of philosophy, as well as the history of tackling them. Currently I am focused on three main projects. The first concerns the value of consciousness: what epistemic, ethical, and aesthetic value might our conscious experience have, and why? The second concerns the nature of moral awareness: are the most foundational forms of moral awareness emotional, rational, both, or neither - and what difference does that make to our grasp of right and wrong? My third main project is in fundamental ontology: what ontological categories do the basic units of reality - "the alphabet of being" - belong to, and how can we tell?

Research Areas

Philosophy of mind

Teaching Areas



History of philosophy


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