Shivani Bothra

Shivani Bothra explores migration of Jain communities within India and the United States. Her research focuses largely on the religious education of children within the context of keeping the tradition alive outside the homeland. She particularly examines shifts from traditional to contemporary Jain religious education in response to the forces at play when Jain communities relocate. The main themes of her research have been migration, religious education, curricula, and gender roles.

Shivani’s current research project at Rice University will build on the foundation of her dissertation. While the doctorate study examined Jain Pathshalas (religious education for children) in the United States, for a postdoctoral study she proposes to explore svādhyāya (religious education for adults) in America. Using anthropological research methods, she explores this single facet of communal life—religious education of adult laity— within the broad field of migration studies. She particularly examines how involvement in svādhyāya groups differently influences experiences of ageing between the first generation of Jains, who migrated out of personal choice and those of elderly Jains, who are forced to migrate due to the migration of their children. Both these populations and their experiences further contrast with the regional migration of Jains within India; yet in all cases, the process of adjustment demands that svādhyāya, the reading of scriptures, transforms in multiple ways.

As a second example of how svādhyāya is recast, she proposes to examine the Terāpanth Prabodh, a long Hindi poem, composed to address the issues of pan-Indian migration in a denominational Jain tradition.

As a third example of how svādhyāya is adopted, Shivani examines a television program, Śankā Samādhān (Clarifying Doubts), telecasted each day of the week. This program, popular with American as well as Indian Jains, stands out as a modern form of engaging in svādhyāya.

Shivani applies her experiences of growing up in India along with her training in the U.S. and New Zealand. Prior to coming to Rice University, she served as a lecturer in Jain Studies at the Religious Studies Department, University of California, Santa Barbara. Her areas of teaching and research were Indian Religions, Nonviolence, and Hindi. Shivani was a program coordinator of the International Summer School for Jain Studies (ISSJS) in India from 2009–13. She has been a reporter for the online magazine HereNow4U and a contributor to JAINpedia, the Jain universe online and Swiss online magazine Alimentarium.


The Future of Meat Without Animals
Brianne Donaldson and Christopher Carter (editors)

Various Dimensions of Environmental Ethics
Kusum Jain (editor)

Research Areas

Interest in anthropological research, teaching, and pursuing scholarly work in transnational studies,involving Jain communities in the United States and South Asia. Close observation and interaction with Jain monks and nuns across traditions: participating in peace walks, spreading the message of nonviolence and inculcating values of environment friendly minimalistic lifestyle. Engage in non-religious, non-sectarian Anuvrat Movement for social change.


PhD, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand

MA, Florida International University

MA, Jain Vishva Bharati Institute (Deemed University)

BA, Loreto College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Certificate in South Asian Religions (2013) Florida International University

Certificate in Yoga and Ecology (2007) Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles

Degree Course in Training in Nonviolence (2003) Jain Vishva Bharati University, Ladnun, India


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